‘And I shall pass through the land of Mitsrayim on that night, and shall smite all the first-born in the land of Mitsrayim, both man and beast. And on all the mighty ones (the gods) of Mitsrayim I shall execute judgment. I am יהוה.
(Exod 12:12, TS98 brackets mine)
This is the first article in a series of three dealing with the ten plagues upon Egypt. Most of us have heard of the ten plagues in Sunday school or from a pastor or church, but have you ever felt that there just HAS to be MORE TO IT than what we’ve been taught? For example, why ten plagues and not nine or seven? Why did Elohim harden pharaoh’s heart, isn’t that unfair? Were the magi of pharaoh really able to do the same signs performed by Moses and Aaron? These are questions that linger in the minds of many people today and probably the biggest one is this: How does it apply to my life today, and what are we to do about it? In this article I hope to bring a fresh perspective on the ten plagues brought upon Egypt. Before we can get to the narrative in the Book of Exodus, it is necessary for us to set the ‘stage’ so to speak.
Placing it in context.
In the garden of Eden YHWH had put the man and woman He had made and gave them instruction to be fruitful, multiply and also to guard and keep the garden. Fellowship and relationship was good between YHWH and man whom He created, there was no shame, and no sin, yet………
The serpent entered and seduced and manipulated Chawah (Eve) with his cunning words and smooth talk, placing doubt in the heart of Chawah who in turn talked Adam into eating of the tree which YHWH commanded them not to, saying: In the day you eat thereof you shall certainly die. Notice how Yochanan (John) interprets Genesis 3: 6-7 that reads as follows:
6) And the woman saw that the tree was good for food, that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree desirable to make one wise, and she took of its fruit and ate. And she also gave to her husband with her, and he ate. 7) Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they knew that they were naked. And they sewed fig leaves together and made loin coverings for themselves.
(Gen 3:6-7, TS98)
Now compare this to what Yochanan says in 1John 2: 15-17:
Do not love the world nor that which is in the world. If anyone loves the world, the love of the Father is not in him.Because all that is in the world – the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life – is not of the Father but is of the world.And the world passes away, and the lust of it, but the one doing the desire of Elohim remains forever.
(1John 2:15-17, TS98)
Let’s examine how Yochanan interprets Genesis 3:6-7. In the Genesis narrative we see that Chawah (Eve) saw 3 things:
1. She saw that the tree was good for food.
2. It was pleasant to the eyes.
3. It was desirable to make one wise.
In John 2:15-17 we also see three things that are described as in the world and love for the world, and if you have this love of the world then the love of the Father is not in you.
1. The lust of the flesh.
2. The lust of the eyes.
3. The pride of life.
So this is how Yochanan interprets it:
1. Chawah saw that the tree was good for food = the lust of the flesh spoken of in John.
2. It was pleasant to the eyes = the lust of the eyes spoken of in John.
3. It was desirable to make one wise = the pride of life spoken of in John.
Yochanan warns us so that we do not be deceived as chawah was and to not let the enemy work his deceit through our senses (taste, touch, see, hear, feel). As the apostle Shaul (Paul) writes:
Therefore, do not let sin rule in your mortal bodies, so that it makes you obey its desires;and do not offer any part of yourselves to sin as an instrument for wickedness. On the contrary, offer yourselves to God as people alive from the dead, and your various parts to God as instruments for righteousness.For sin will not have authority over you; because you are not under legalism but under grace.
(Rom 6:12-14, CJB)
These lusts and passions of the world are not from the Father but from the world and the evil one. Then he reminds us that the world with its lusts and passions will pass away, but the one who does the will of YHWH (who seeks only what pleases his Master and does it) will abide forever.
Next we read that YHWH called to the man but they hid themselves and sewed fig leaves together to cover their own nakedness (up and till this point they had no shame of being naked). Sweet fellowship with the Creator of all had now been cut off and the events that transpired set the wheels of sin on a roll. Spiritual and physical death had now set in and man became a prisoner to his fleshly desires, but most of all, they had disobeyed Father and fellowship with Him has been broken. When Father asked the woman what she had done, she replied that the serpent deceived her, and YHWH said to the serpent:
And יהוה Elohim said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, you are cursed more than all livestock and more than every beast of the field. On your belly you are to go, and eat dust all the days of your life. “And I put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her Seed. He shall crush your head, and you shall crush His heel.”
This was the sentence of the serpent (satan) that he is cursed more than all the beasts of the field and that he would go on his belly ( the lowest and most degrading act) and that he would have enmity with the woman’s Seed and that the woman’s Seed would crush his head and he would wound His heel. The heel speaks of temporary/ non-fatal wounding whereas to crush the head means a fatal blow that cannot be recovered from. From the writings of Paul we know that the Seed referred to here is the promised Messiah, for he writes:
But the promises were spoken to Abraham, and to his Seed. He does not say, “And to seeds,” as of many, but as of one, “And to your Seed,” who is Messiah.
Thus we have the promise of restoration through the death of Messiah and by His resurrection. As Shaul (Paul) writes in another place:
For while we were still helpless, at the right time, the Messiah died on behalf of ungodly people.Now it is a rare event when someone gives up his life even for the sake of somebody righteous, although possibly for a truly good person one might have the courage to die.But God demonstrates his own love for us in that the Messiah died on our behalf while we were still sinners.Therefore, since we have now come to be considered righteous by means of his bloody sacrificial death, how much more will we be delivered through him from the anger of God’s judgment!For if we were reconciled with God through his Son’s death when we were enemies, how much more will we be delivered by his life, now that we are reconciled!And not only will we be delivered in the future, but we are boasting about God right now, because he has acted through our Lord Yeshua the Messiah, through whom we have already received that reconciliation.
(Rom 5:6-11, CJB)
YHWH has provided a way for man to be restored, redeemed back to Him and it is by the shed Blood of the Messiah. Father is always just and righteous but at the same time merciful and gracious.
The fig leaves (an allusion to self-righteous works) were not enough to cover man’s transgression and Father made a covering of skin for them, the first sacrifice (Atonement through the shed blood of an innocent). Also we see that now there would be a line of divinely selected descendants through whom this promise of redemption would come. Adam and Chawah had two sons, Cain and Abel, the Promised line went through Abel but Cain in his jealousy and wickedness slew his brother because his own works were evil and that of his brother was good and pleasant in the eyes of Father, but Chawah bore another son, Seth, and the promised line went through him. Thus it went through his descendants up until Noach. Noach had three sons: Shem, Ham and Japheth. The promise went through Shem unto Abram as follows:
Are you a bit confused now? Maybe you are thinking: “What’s the point of all this?”
Hang on it’s all going to be clear as daylight in a moment.
The early days of Abram.
In Genesis 12 we read of the “call of Abram”. Abram was from Ur of the chaldees. Easton’s Bible dictionary has some interesting things to say about the land called Ur of the Chaldees, it says:
“a city ‘of the Chaldees,’ the birthplace of Haran (Gen_11:28, Gen_11:31), the largest city of Shinar or northern Chaldea, and the principal commercial centre of the country as well as the centre of political power. It stood near the mouth of the Euphrates, on its western bank, and is represented by the mounds (of bricks cemented by bitumen) of el-Mugheir, i.e., “the bitumined,” or “the town of bitumen,” now 150 miles from the sea and some 6 miles from the Euphrates, a little above the point where it receives the Shat el-Hie, an affluent from the Tigris. Ur was the port of Babylonia, whence trade was carried on with the dwellers on the gulf, and with the distant countries of India, Ethiopia, and Egypt.”
So we see that Ur of the Chaldees wasn’t just any city, it was well established and had a close relationship with other nations like Egypt and Babylon (these nations would play a big part in the history of the nation of Israel). Remember that Nimrod established the city of Babylon with its corrupt and cruel religious systems. Seems like Ur was no exception because it also had its gods and religious systems. Easton continues:
“Ur was consecrated to the worship of Sin, the Babylonian moon-god. It shared this honour, however, with another city, and this city was Haran, or Harran. Harran was in Mesopotamia, and took its name from the highroad which led through it from the east to the west. The name is Babylonian, and bears witness to its having been founded by a Babylonian king. The same witness is still more decisively borne by the worship paid in it to the Babylonian moon-god and by its ancient temple of Sin. Indeed, the temple of the moon-god at Harran was perhaps even more famous in the Assyrian and Babylonian world than the temple of the moon god at Ur. “Between Ur and Harran there must, consequently, have been a close connection in early times, the record of which has not yet been recovered. It may be that Harran owed its foundation to a king of Ur; at any rate the two cities were bound together by the worship of the same deity, the closest and most enduring bond of union that existed in the ancient world. That Terah should have migrated from Ur to Harran, therefore, ceases to be extraordinary. If he left Ur at all, it was the most natural place to which to go. It was like passing from one court of a temple into another.
“Such a remarkable coincidence between the Biblical narrative and the evidence of archaeological research cannot be the result of chance. The narrative must be historical; no writer of late date, even if he were a Babylonian, could have invented a story so exactly in accordance with what we now know to have been the truth. For a story of the kind to have been the invention of Palestinian tradition is equally impossible. To the unprejudiced mind there is no escape from the conclusion that the history of the migration of Terah from Ur to Harran is founded on fact” (Sayce).”
Why Terah decided to move out of Ur and to Haran we are not told. But Scripture says they set out to go to the land of Canaan, but settled in Haran. The book of Yasher (an apocryphal book, alluded to in Joshua 10:13 and 2Samuel 1:18) has some interesting info on this.
According to this book, Nimrod (Genesis 10:8-12) was king over all the land at that time. Now he and his Magi/ conjurors came to dine at Terah’s house on the night that Abraham was born to rejoice with him. Then the conjurors of Nimrod went out to behold the sky (which was practiced by pagans to determine the future/destiny of a child) and they saw a sign. They saw one very large star come from the east and ran in the heavens, and he swallowed up the four stars from the four sides of the heavens. They were astonished at this sight and they knew what it meant, but did not yet tell it to Nimrod. The next morning they counselled together and thought it best to tell the king what they saw. This is their interpretation:
10 And when your servants went out from the house of Terah, to go to our respective homes to abide there for the night, we lifted up our eyes to heaven, and we saw a great star coming from the east, and the same star ran with great speed, and swallowed up four great stars, from the four sides of the heavens.11 And your servants were astonished at the sight which we saw, and were greatly terrified, and we made our judgment upon the sight, and knew by our wisdom the proper interpretation thereof, that this thing applies to the child that is born to Terah, who will grow up and multiply greatly, and become powerful, and kill all the kings of the earth, and inherit all their lands, he and his seed forever.
Isn’t this amazing? Compare this to the Promise YHWH gave Abraham in Genesis 12: 2-3:
“And I shall make you a great nation, and bless you and make your name great, and you shall be a blessing! “And I shall bless those who bless you, and curse him who curses you. And in you all the clans of the earth shall be blessed.”
Obviously this made Nimrod furious and he now wanted the very child he rejoiced over the night before, to be killed. So he called Terah and told him to hand the child over to be killed, in return for silver and gold but Terah asked for three days’ time to make a decision which the king granted. The king sent word to Terah that if he did not hand over Abraham that Terah would not so much as have a dog left in his house. So Terah hurried and took one of his sons that his handmaid bore to him and presented him to the king while he hid Abraham with his mother and nurse in a cave. The king dashed the child’s head repeatedly against the ground killing him, thinking it was Abraham. Now after 10 years it records that:
5 when Abram came out from the cave, he went to Noah and his son Shem, and he remained with them to learn the instruction of YAHWEH and his ways, and no man knew where Abram was, and Abram served Noah and Shem his son for a long time.
Many years later it was told to Nimrod that Abraham was still alive, according to the book of Yasher Abraham’s father, Terah, told Nimrod Abraham was still alive because Abraham smashed his father’s idols to pieces with a hatchet. So the Abraham was persecuted but in the meantime after a few years Terah visits Abraham in the house of Noah and they are reconciled. Now Nimrod seeks the lives of both Abraham and Terah, at which time they set out to leave Ur of the Chaldees and go to Canaan. They ended up staying in Haran.
The book of Yasher certainly provides a bit more background, but as always we must test everything to Scripture. If it is true then Abraham was also persecuted at the time of his birth. This is interesting because we read in Scripture that there was great persecution in the time Moses was born, also in the time when Yeshua was born, Herod seeked His life.
The Covenant made with Abraham.
In Genesis 12 we read:
And Yahweh said to Abram, “Go out from your land and from your relatives, and from the house of your father, to the land that I will show you.And I will make you a great nation, and I will bless you, and I will make your name great. And you will be a blessing.And I will bless those who bless you, and those who curse you I will curse. And all families of the earth will be blessed in you.”
(Gen 12:1-3, LEB)
Abraham was to leave everything he was familiar with and even his inheritance from his father (leave your father’s house) behind in order to follow YHWH, but YHWH also told Abraham that HE will bless Abraham. In other words, YHWH will be all that Abraham needs. Isn’t this what Messiah also said when He told them:
If any person wills to come after Me, let him deny himself [disown himself, forget, lose sight of himself and his own interests, refuse and give up himself] and take up his cross daily and follow Me [cleave steadfastly to Me, conform wholly to My example in living and, if need be, in dying also].For whoever would preserve his life and save it will lose and destroy it, but whoever loses his life for My sake, he will preserve and save it [from the penalty of eternal death].For what does it profit a man, if he gains the whole world and ruins or forfeits (loses) himself?Because whoever is ashamed of Me and of My teachings, of him will the Son of Man be ashamed when He comes in the [threefold] glory (the splendor and majesty) of Himself and of the Father and of the holy angels.
(Luke 9:23-26, AMP)
Then in Genesis 15 we read:
After these events the word of יהוה came to Aḇram in a vision, saying, “Do not be afraid, Aḇram. I am your shield, your reward is exceedingly great.”And Aḇram said, “Master יהוה, what would You give me, seeing I go childless, and the heir of my house is Eli῾ezer of Damascus?”And Aḇram said, “See, You have given me no seed, and see, one born in my house is my heir!”And see, the word of יהוה came to him, saying, “This one is not your heir, but he who comes from your own body is your heir.”And He brought him outside and said, “Look now toward the heavens, and count the stars if you are able to count them.” And He said to him, “So are your seed.”And he believed in יהוה, and He reckoned it to him for righteousness.And He said to him, “I am יהוה, who brought you out of Ur of the Chaldeans, to give you this land to inherit it.”And he said, “Master יהוה, whereby do I know that I possess it?”
(Gen 15:1-8, TS98)
After the slaughter of the kings who took Abraham’s nephew, Lot, captive YHWH came to Abraham in a vision and once again told him that he was not to be afraid because YHWH is his reward and protection. YHWH will preserve him. So Abraham asks what YHWH will give him seeing as he goes childless and YHWH told him that one born from his own loins will be his heir. Then Abraham again asks how he can know it for certain and YHWH made a covenant with him in that day as it says:
On that day Yahweh made a covenant with Abram saying, “To your offspring I will give this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the Euphrates river,[the land of] the Kenites, the Kenizzites, the Kadmonites,the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Rephaim,the Amorites, the Canaanites, the Girgashites, and the Jebusites.”
(Gen 15:18-21, LEB)
But what did YHWH say to Abraham about his offspring when He made this covenant with him? YHWH said to Abraham:
“Know this for certain: your descendants will be foreigners in a land that is not theirs. They will be slaves and held in oppression there four hundred years.But I will also judge that nation, the one that makes them slaves. Afterwards, they will leave with many possessions.As for you, you will join your ancestors in peace and be buried at a good old age.Only in the fourth generation will your descendants come back here, because only then will the Emori be ripe for punishment.”After the sun had set and there was thick darkness, a smoking fire pot and a flaming torch appeared, which passed between these animal parts.
(Gen 15:13-17, CJB)
These are the words YHWH spoke to Abraham in the “thick darkness” when the sun was about to set. This was symbolic of the suffering his offspring had to endure until the time appointed, until the iniquity of the Emori is full and the Israelites could inherit what YHWH promised their forefather Abraham.
This sets the stage for us to move into the next chapter of our study.
The days of Moses – the servant of YHWH.
Scholars estimate that the time between the end of the book of Genesis to the beginning of the book of Exodus is about 350 years. What happened during these years? We will detour a moment to find out.
In Genesis we read that Yosef was sold into slavery in Egypt by his brothers, but what they meant for evil YHWH turned to good and to work according to His purpose. Yosef was known in Egypt as Zaphnath-paaneah (preserver of life) because by the wisdom given to him by YHWH he stored up supplies in the seven years of plenty and provided for Egypt in the seven years of famine, according to the dream pharaoh had. For the first 300 years of the children of Israel’s stay in Egypt they were prosperous. As Exodus says:
And the Israelites were fruitful and multiplied and were many and were very, very numerous, and the land was filled with them.
(Exod 1:7, LEB)
But there is something very interesting that few are aware of. During the time of Yosef the pharaoh was NOT an Egyptian but a SEMITE (a descendant of Shem, Egypt is a descendant of Ham. Genesis 10)
These pharaohs were known as the Hyksos or shepherd kings. This would explain why the Israelites were prosperous and not in slavery. The Israelites were allowed a portion of land in Goshen and Yosef was given a palace in Avaris. The book “HIGHLIGHTS OF ARCHAEOLOGY IN BIBLE LANDS” by Fred H. Wight says the following concerning these Hyksos rulers:
“The Hyksos invasion of Egypt. Sometime in the vicinity of 1900 B.C, when Egypt had been ruled by weak kings, there occurred an invasion of Asiatics, for the most part Semites, into the land of Egypt. These invaders were called “Hyksos” and they brought with them a new weapon for which they were famous, namely the horse-drawn chariot. They overcame the armies of the native Egyptian kings who continued to rule in Upper Egypt but only as vassals of these conquerors. These foreign Pharaohs set up their capital at the city of Avaris, probably located in the north eastern portion of the Nile Delta. These Hyksos kings continued on the throne of Egypt until King Ahmose I, the founder of the Eighteenth Dynasty, overcame the city of Avaris in 1580 B.C, and expelled these invaders from the land.
10 The Hyksos kings and Joseph in Egypt. When Joseph arrived in Egypt, the native Pharaohs were not then in power. These Hyksos rulers were considered to be foreigners by the native Egyptians. It was during the reign of these kings that Joseph had his experiences in the land. The Hyksos had been nomads and shepherds, and being Semitic, we find them accepting Joseph’s family of shepherds into the land of Goshen, whereas shepherds were an abomination to the native Egyptians (Gen 46:34). The Book of Genesis emphasizes the fact that Potiphar was an Egyptian (Gen 39:1; Gen 39:5). Potiphar was Pharaoh’s officer-why should it be stressed that he was an Egyptian? The answer is simply that Pharaoh himself and some of his officers were not native Egyptians but Hyksos or foreigners, whereas Potiphar was a native Egyptian. 11”
So we see that prior to Yosef entering Egypt, it was ruled by the Hyksos pharoahs, semites and NOT Egyptian. So who were the Hyksos? The origin of the term “Hyksos” derives from the Egyptian expression heka khasewet (“rulers of foreign lands”). The Hyksos first appeared in Egypt c.1800 BC, during the eleventh dynasty, and began their
climb to power in the thirteenth dynasty, coming out of the second intermediate period in control of Avaris and the Delta. By the fifteenth dynasty, they ruled Lower Egypt, and at the end of the seventeenth dynasty, they were expelled (c.1560 BC).
The Hyksos made Avaris their capital city. Avaris is in the land of Goshen, precisely where Yosef and Israel lived! The Hyksos ruled BEFORE Yosef entered Egypt and they ruled 150 years after Yosef! It is to this Semite, NOT Egyptian, pharaohs or “rulers of foreign lands” that the people of Egypt offered themselves and their lands for bread and food and to then serve pharaoh. (Read Genesis 47: 18-26)
But this would soon change because a new king would arise in Egypt after the death of Yosef and the expulsion of the Hyksos.
Then a new sovereign arose over Mitsrayim, who did not know Yosĕph, and he said to his people, “See, the people of the children of Yisra’ĕl are more and stronger than we, come, let us act wisely towards them, lest they increase, and it shall be when fighting befalls us, that they shall join our enemies and fight against us, and shall go up out of the land.” So they set slave-masters over them to afflict them with their burdens, and they built for Pharaoh supply cities, Pithom and Ra῾amses. But the more they afflicted them, the more they increased and grew, and they were in dread of the children of Yisra’ĕl. And the Mitsrites made the children of Yisra’ĕl serve with harshness, and they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in mortar, and in brick, and in all kinds of work in the field, all their work which they made them do was with harshness.
(Exod 1:8-14, TS98)
We can clearly see that the Word that Father spoke to Avraham is now in the process of being fulfilled. Remember what He said to Avraham?
“Know this for certain: your descendants will be foreigners in a land that is not theirs. They will be slaves and held in oppression there four hundred years. But I will also judge that nation, the one that makes them slaves. Afterwards, they will leave with many possessions. As for you, you will join your ancestors in peace and be buried at a good old age. Only in the fourth generation will your descendants come back here, because only then will the Emori be ripe for punishment.” After the sun had set and there was thick darkness, a smoking fire pot and a flaming torch appeared, which passed between these animal parts. (Gen 15:13-17, CJB)
Father told Avraham that his descendants would return in the fourth generation, and this is exactly what we see unfolding in the Book of Exodus. if we turn to Ex. 6:16-20 we find exactly four generations, thus:
1. Jacob’s son Levi.
2. Levi’s son Kohath.
3. Kohath’s son Amram.
4. Amram’s son Moses.
YHWH would raise up Moses as Israel’s redeemer as Stephen said:
“And Mosheh was instructed in all the wisdom of the Mitsrites, and was mighty in words and works. “And when he was forty years old, it came into his heart to visit his brothers, the children of Yisra’ĕl. “And seeing one of them being wronged, he defended and revenged him who was oppressed, smiting the Mitsrite. “And he thought that his brothers would have understood that Elohim would give deliverance to them by his hand, but they did not understand.
(Act 7:22-25 The Scriptures 1998+)
The condition of Egypt in the time of Moses.
This new Egyptian king did not want to recognize Yosef meaning he had no tolerance for Israel and didn’t want them to prosper anymore while his own people is at the bottom of the food chain. This new king is the first EGYPTIAN to sit on the throne again for the first time in a few hundred years and he is not about to make the same mistake as his forefathers. He wanted the Israelites kept in “check” so to speak and the only way to do that is to make them slaves, but there was a problem: the more the Egyptians oppressed the Israelites the more they multiplied!!
So the Egyptian king resorts to plan B – kill all the male firstborn and make them forget who they are! It is during this time that Moses was born. Scripture says:
And when she could hide him no longer, she took an ark of wicker for him, and coated it with tar and pitch, and put the child in it, and laid it in the reeds by the edge of the river.And his sister stood at a distance, to know what would be done to him.And the daughter of Pharaoh came down to wash herself at the river, and her young women were walking by the river-side. And when she saw the ark among the reeds, she sent her female servant to get it,and opened it and saw the child, and see, the baby wept. So she had compassion on him, and said, “This is one of the children of the Heḇrews.”And his sister said to Pharaoh’s daughter, “Shall I go and call a nurse for you from the Heḇrew women to nurse the child for you?”And Pharaoh’s daughter said to her, “Go.” And the girl went and called the child’s mother.And Pharaoh’s daughter said to her, “Take this child away and nurse him for me, then I shall pay your wages.” So the woman took the child and nursed him.And the child grew, and she brought him to Pharaoh’s daughter, and he became her son. And she called his name Mosheh, saying, “Because I have drawn him out of the water.”
(Exod 2:3-10, TS98)
How ironic is this!! The man whom YHWH would use to lead the children of Israel out of Egypt and who would later stand in front of pharaoh to speak in the authority of the Almighty, is being raised in the palace of pharaoh himself, in his own house!!! Truly, Father knows how to turn that which the enemy intended for our ruin into good and that it becomes a vessel for Father to use in His Plan.
Moses grew and we have to understand that for Moses it was not easy! He was disliked by his own brothers because he grew up in the house of pharaoh, the Egyptian AND he was disliked by the Egyptians because he was a Hebrew. So………… Moses didn’t exactly ‘fit in’ with either camp.
I want to close this first article with a quote from Stephen that will explain the rest of the story up and till the time Moses and Aaron first appear before pharaoh, next time we will continue from there.
“And Mosheh was instructed in all the wisdom of the Mitsrites, and was mighty in words and works.“And when he was forty years old, it came into his heart to visit his brothers, the children of Yisra’ĕl.“And seeing one of them being wronged, he defended and revenged him who was oppressed, smiting the Mitsrite.“And he thought that his brothers would have understood that Elohim would give deliverance to them by his hand, but they did not understand.“And the next day he appeared to two of them as they were fighting, and urged them to peace, saying, ‘Men, you are brothers, why do you wrong one another?’
“But he who was wronging his neighbour pushed him away, saying, ‘Who made you a ruler and a judge over us?‘Do you wish to kill me as you killed the Mitsrite yesterday?’“And at this saying, Mosheh fled and became a sojourner in the land of Miḏyan, where he fathered two sons.“And after forty years were completed, a Messenger of יהוה appeared to him in a flame of fire in a bush, in the wilderness of Mount Sinai.“And Mosheh, seeing it, marvelled at the sight, and coming near to look, the voice of יהוה came to him,saying, ‘I am the Elohim of your fathers, the Elohim of Aḇraham and the Elohim of Yitsḥaq and the Elohim of Ya῾aqoḇ.’ And Mosheh trembled and did not have the courage to look.
‘But יהוה said to him, “Take your sandals off your feet, for the place where you stand is set-apart ground.“I have certainly seen the evil treatment of my people who are in Mitsrayim, and I have heard their groaning and have come down to deliver them. And now come, let Me send you to Mitsrayim.” ’“This Mosheh whom they had refused, saying, ‘Who made you a ruler and a judge?’ – this one Elohim sent to be a ruler and a deliverer by the hand of the Messenger who appeared to him in the bush.“This one led them out, after he had done wonders and signs in the land of Mitsrayim, and in the Red Sea, and in the wilderness forty years.
(Acts 7:22-36, TS98)